| ［Purposes］ This paper aims to explore the factors which enhance the international influence of Chinese scientific journals. ［Methods］ Scientific journal practitioners from 7 categories of institutions were investigated, and 128 effective research results were received, each survey form contained 31 related factors, and the principal component analysis was used to analyze the survey results. ［Findings］ The key factors of promoting the international influence of Chinese scientific journals include the journal attributes, the first publication of major scientific and technological achievements, high-cited papers, publication quantity and publication cycle, rejection rate and rejection quantity, the reputation in authors and scholars, and journal circulation. The most important factor is the journal attributes which include the ability of digital publishing, journal impact factor ranking in similar subject, diversity of journal columns, single or group journals, and open access publishing model. ［Conclusions］ Chinese scientific journals should enhance the performance in the digitization and clustering of journals, advocate open access publishing, publish major scientific discoveries, improve paper publishing quantity, shorten the review and publication cycle, elevate the journals' reputation in authors and scholars, strengthen the promotion of journal contents, and increase circulation and international distribution of journals.